Law is a set of rules that are enforced by social institutions. These include legislatures, courts, and government agencies. In addition to establishing the rights of individuals, law is also responsible for shaping history and economics.
Law can be divided into two categories, civil law and common law. Civil law systems are usually shorter and less detailed than common law systems.
Common law legal systems are characterized by explicit recognition of decisions made by courts. They include the doctrine of precedent. This means that a court’s decisions bind future judgments.
Legal issues are often based on undisputed evidence, and the outcome depends on the court’s interpretation of the law. Some subject matters covered in the United States include labor law, family law, and consumer law.
The International Law Commission was established in 1947 by the General Assembly. It promotes the progressive development of international law. Members serve as experts in their individual capacities, and consult with UN specialized agencies.
In addition to regulating international disputes, the International Court of Justice has also issued advisory opinions and numerous judgments. It is the primary dispute-resolution organ of the United Nations.
The International Law Commission also works on codification of international law. It prepares drafts on a variety of topics, and consults with UN specialized agencies.
There are also several multilateral treaties that have been adopted by the General Assembly. They cover various topics, including human rights, climate change, and environmental protection.
A number of private companies previously controlled by governments have been forced to take on a degree of social responsibility. Health care employers have been required to create diversity goals.