Technology is the systematic use of science and engineering knowledge to accomplish human goals. Its goal is to develop enduring principles, and a technological product or process must satisfy certain requirements, such as utility, usability, and safety. Alternatively, technology may be defined as a process of designing tools and systems for a specific purpose, which draws on various fields of knowledge.
Technology includes various forms of software and physical equipment, virtualization, automation tools, operating systems, peripherals, and software. It also incorporates laws and regulations and the ability to communicate with other people and entities. As a result, it is an essential aspect of human life. In addition to communication, technology enables businesses to serve customers, market new products, and manage the flow of information.
Technology encompasses many different fields, from history to current technologies. Some examples include construction technology, including building construction of canals, inland waterways, dams, and sea works, to energy conversion, including petroleum production and refining. Other areas of technology include agriculture, including beekeeping, cereal farming, and coffee, as well as commercial fishing and food preservation.
Technology is increasingly important in the economy. 88 percent of economic growth is due to technological advancement. Thus, understanding technology is crucial to understanding the economy.