Automobiles is the branch of engineering which deals with the manufacture and technology of vehicles. Today automobiles play a major role in the world as they are used for passenger and goods transportation. They act as a lifeline to humans. It is also a source of energy for the economy as it created industries like petrol and gas, and new services such as convenience stores and auto repair shops.
The history of the automobile began in the late 1800s with engineers like Karl Benz developing their own versions of self-propelled cars using two-stroke internal combustion engines fueled by gasoline. By 1910, American businessman Henry Ford innovated the assembly line process making it possible to mass produce automobiles and make them affordable for middle class families.
By the 20th century, automobiles had become a fixture in modern life, changing entire societies as they gave individuals freedom of movement and action but encouraged sprawl (i.e., straggles of low-density urban development that degrade landscapes and lead to traffic congestion) and the distribution of goods made possible by trucks. These changes were accompanied by the development of industries and new jobs as well as new leisure activities.
Anyone who owns a car can attest to how much their lives have been made easier since they got their automobile. While it is true that driving can be risky, especially when other reckless drivers are on the road, having your own vehicle allows you to travel safely and faster compared to relying on public transport.